Hexoloy® SA Sintered Silicon Carbide Material
Hexoloy® SA SiC is a pressure-less, sintered form of alpha silicon carbide, with a density greater than 98% theoretical. It has a very fine grain structure (4-10 microns) and contains no free silicon.
Hexoloy® SA SiC‘s chemical purity and engineered microstructure ensures excellent resistance to a wide range of chemicals. It is also highly resistant to wear from rotation and sliding forces, while offering excellent erosion resistance in abrasive blasting applications and high temperature stability in oxidizing and reducing environments.
How Saint-Gobain Performance Ceramics & Refractories manufactures its precision engineered Hexoloy® sintered silicon carbide products?
Saint-Gobain Performance Ceramics & Refractories pioneered the technology to manufacture a pressureless sintered silicon carbide material - Hexoloy® - in the late 1970s.
Economical forming is determined by shape, quantity volume and tolerances of the final part.
Dry pressing to size is the most economical forming method for volumes of 300 pieces or more, which helps justify the initial expense of tooling designed specifically for each part.
Isostatic pressing is best suited to low volumes and prototype items.
Pre-Sinter (Green) Machining
Machining in the pre-sintered, or green, state is desirable because it allows manufacturing of complex finished shapes without expensive grinding of sintered material.
Green machining is accomplished using conventional processes. Stock removal can be accomplished 15 times faster in the green state than in the sintered state.
Green machining provides parts to tolerances of 0.5% to 1.0% of their final dimensions. Typical green machined surface finishes range between 32 and 64 µin.
Grinding and Finishing
Precision grinding capabilities have been developed to meet the exacting specification requirements required by the automotive, aerospace and nuclear industries.
Saint-Gobain Performance Ceramics & Refractories has the expertise to grind to close tolerances on most shapes (.0005").
Typical ground parts hold finishes of 16 µin or better. When surface finishes are critical in improving friction and wear performance, finishing operations can improve surfaces up to 4 µin providing surface flatness to one helium light band.
Saint-Gobain Performance Ceramics & Refractories maintains the highest level of quality by leveraging state-of-the-art, non-destructive evaluation equipment for final quality inspections of internal structures.
These techniques include bulk and surface wave ultrasonics, fluorescent dye penetrant, radiography, acoustic emission, and photomicrography.
Hexoloy® Grade Specifications
|Density||g / cm3||3.10|
|Hardness (Knoop)**||kg / mm2||2,800|
|Flexural Strength 4pt @ RT***||MPa||380|
|x103 lb / in2||55|
|Flexural Strength 3 pt @ RT***||MPa||550|
|x103 lb / in2||80|
|Modulus of Elasticity @ RT||MPa||410|
|x106 lb / in2||59|
|Weibull Modulus (2 parameter)||8|
|Fracture Toughness @ RT||MPa x m1/2||4.60|
|Double Torsion & SENB||x103 lb / in2 x in1/2||4.20|
|Coefficient of Thermal Expansion||x10-6 mm / mmK||4.02|
|RT to 700°C||x10-6 in / in °F||2.20|
|Maximum Service Temp.||°C||1,900|
|Mean Specific Heat @ RT||J / gmK||0.67|
|Thermal Conductivity @ RT||W / mK||125.6|
|Btu / ft h °F||72.6|
|@ 200° C||W / m°K||102.6|
|Btu / ft h °F||59.3|
|@ 400° C||w / m°K||77.5|
|Btu / ft h°F||44.8|
|Permeability @ RT to 1000°C||Impervious to gases over 31 MPa|
|Electrical Resistivity @ RT****||ohm-cm||102 - 1011|
|@ 1000°C||ohm-cm||0.01 - 0.2|
Hexoloy® Enhanced SA SiC exhibits reduced microporosity, increased flexural strength and a higher Weibull modulus.
These factors make it ideal for critical applications involving:
- High stress loads
- High rotational speeds
- Improved wear properties
Hexoloy SA SiC - 1013 - Data Sheet
Hexoloy® SA SiC‘s chemical purity and engineered microstructure ensures excellent resistance to a wide range of chemicals.
Hexoloy SA - Corrosion Results - 1009 - Data Sheet
Hexoloy® sintered silicon carbide sets the standard for the most effective ceramic material for chemical corrosion resistance.
Hexoloy SA - Thermal Conductivity - 1016 - Data Sheet
Hexoloy® SA and SG components can be used in semiconductor wafer processing equipment, including vacuum chucks, chemical mechanical polishing (CMP) blocks